Commit 0390bbde authored by Raphael Sofaer's avatar Raphael Sofaer
Browse files

Activerecord this time\!

source ''
gem 'rails', '3.0.0.beta4'
# Bundle edge Rails instead:
# gem 'rails', :git => 'git://'
gem 'sqlite3-ruby', :require => 'sqlite3'
# Use unicorn as the web server
# gem 'unicorn'
# Deploy with Capistrano
# gem 'capistrano'
# To use debugger
# gem 'ruby-debug'
# Bundle the extra gems:
# gem 'bj'
# gem 'nokogiri', '1.4.1'
# gem 'sqlite3-ruby', :require => 'sqlite3'
# gem 'aws-s3', :require => 'aws/s3'
# Bundle gems for certain environments:
group :test do
gem 'rspec-rails', ">= 2.0.0.beta.8"
# gem 'webrat'
== Welcome to Rails
Rails is a web-application framework that includes everything needed to create
database-backed web applications according to the Model-View-Control pattern.
This pattern splits the view (also called the presentation) into "dumb"
templates that are primarily responsible for inserting pre-built data in between
HTML tags. The model contains the "smart" domain objects (such as Account,
Product, Person, Post) that holds all the business logic and knows how to
persist themselves to a database. The controller handles the incoming requests
(such as Save New Account, Update Product, Show Post) by manipulating the model
and directing data to the view.
In Rails, the model is handled by what's called an object-relational mapping
layer entitled Active Record. This layer allows you to present the data from
database rows as objects and embellish these data objects with business logic
methods. You can read more about Active Record in
The controller and view are handled by the Action Pack, which handles both
layers by its two parts: Action View and Action Controller. These two layers
are bundled in a single package due to their heavy interdependence. This is
unlike the relationship between the Active Record and Action Pack that is much
more separate. Each of these packages can be used independently outside of
Rails. You can read more about Action Pack in
== Getting Started
1. At the command prompt, create a new Rails application:
<tt>rails myapp</tt> (where <tt>myapp</tt> is the application name)
2. Change directory to <tt>myapp</tt> and start the web server:
<tt>cd myapp; rails server</tt> (run with --help for options)
3. Go to http://localhost:3000/ and you'll see:
"Welcome aboard: You're riding the Rails!"
4. Follow the guidelines to start developing your application. You can find
the following resources handy:
* The Getting Started Guide:
* Ruby on Rails Tutorial Book:
== Web Servers
By default, Rails will try to use Mongrel if it's installed when started with
<tt>rails server</tt>, otherwise Rails will use WEBrick, the web server that
ships with Ruby.
Mongrel is a Ruby-based web server with a C component (which requires
compilation) that is suitable for development. If you have Ruby Gems installed,
getting up and running with mongrel is as easy as:
<tt>sudo gem install mongrel</tt>.
You can find more info at:
You can alternatively run Rails applications with other Ruby web servers, e.g.,
{Thin}[], {Ebb}[], and
Apache with {mod_rails}[]. However, <tt>rails server</tt>
doesn't search for or start them.
For production use, often a web/proxy server, e.g., {Apache}[],
{Nginx}[], {LiteSpeed}[],
{Lighttpd}[], or {IIS}[], is deployed
as the front end server with the chosen Ruby web server running in the back end
and receiving the proxied requests via one of several protocols (HTTP, CGI, FCGI).
== Debugging Rails
Sometimes your application goes wrong. Fortunately there are a lot of tools that
will help you debug it and get it back on the rails.
First area to check is the application log files. Have "tail -f" commands
running on the server.log and development.log. Rails will automatically display
debugging and runtime information to these files. Debugging info will also be
shown in the browser on requests from
You can also log your own messages directly into the log file from your code
using the Ruby logger class from inside your controllers. Example:
class WeblogController < ActionController::Base
def destroy
@weblog = Weblog.find(params[:id])
@weblog.destroy"#{} Destroyed Weblog ID ##{}!")
The result will be a message in your log file along the lines of:
Mon Oct 08 14:22:29 +1000 2007 Destroyed Weblog ID #1!
More information on how to use the logger is at
Also, Ruby documentation can be found at There are
several books available online as well:
* Programming Ruby: (Pickaxe)
* Learn to Program: (a beginners guide)
These two books will bring you up to speed on the Ruby language and also on
programming in general.
== Debugger
Debugger support is available through the debugger command when you start your
Mongrel or WEBrick server with --debugger. This means that you can break out of
execution at any point in the code, investigate and change the model, and then,
resume execution! You need to install ruby-debug to run the server in debugging
mode. With gems, use <tt>sudo gem install ruby-debug</tt>. Example:
class WeblogController < ActionController::Base
def index
@posts = Post.find(:all)
So the controller will accept the action, run the first line, then present you
with a IRB prompt in the server window. Here you can do things like:
>> @posts.inspect
=> "[#<Post:0x14a6be8
@attributes={"title"=>nil, "body"=>nil, "id"=>"1"}>,
@attributes={"title"=>"Rails", "body"=>"Only ten..", "id"=>"2"}>]"
>> @posts.first.title = "hello from a debugger"
=> "hello from a debugger"
...and even better, you can examine how your runtime objects actually work:
>> f = @posts.first
=> #<Post:0x13630c4 @attributes={"title"=>nil, "body"=>nil, "id"=>"1"}>
>> f.
Display all 152 possibilities? (y or n)
Finally, when you're ready to resume execution, you can enter "cont".
== Console
The console is a Ruby shell, which allows you to interact with your
application's domain model. Here you'll have all parts of the application
configured, just like it is when the application is running. You can inspect
domain models, change values, and save to the database. Starting the script
without arguments will launch it in the development environment.
To start the console, run <tt>rails console</tt> from the application
* Passing the <tt>-s, --sandbox</tt> argument will rollback any modifications
made to the database.
* Passing an environment name as an argument will load the corresponding
environment. Example: <tt>rails console production</tt>.
To reload your controllers and models after launching the console run
More information about irb can be found at:
== dbconsole
You can go to the command line of your database directly through <tt>rails
dbconsole</tt>. You would be connected to the database with the credentials
defined in database.yml. Starting the script without arguments will connect you
to the development database. Passing an argument will connect you to a different
database, like <tt>rails dbconsole production</tt>. Currently works for MySQL,
PostgreSQL and SQLite 3.
== Description of Contents
The default directory structure of a generated Ruby on Rails application:
|-- app
| |-- controllers
| |-- helpers
| |-- models
| `-- views
| `-- layouts
|-- config
| |-- environments
| |-- initializers
| `-- locales
|-- db
|-- doc
|-- lib
| `-- tasks
|-- log
|-- public
| |-- images
| |-- javascripts
| `-- stylesheets
|-- script
| `-- performance
|-- test
| |-- fixtures
| |-- functional
| |-- integration
| |-- performance
| `-- unit
|-- tmp
| |-- cache
| |-- pids
| |-- sessions
| `-- sockets
`-- vendor
`-- plugins
Holds all the code that's specific to this particular application.
Holds controllers that should be named like weblogs_controller.rb for
automated URL mapping. All controllers should descend from
ApplicationController which itself descends from ActionController::Base.
Holds models that should be named like post.rb. Models descend from
ActiveRecord::Base by default.
Holds the template files for the view that should be named like
weblogs/index.html.erb for the WeblogsController#index action. All views use
eRuby syntax by default.
Holds the template files for layouts to be used with views. This models the
common header/footer method of wrapping views. In your views, define a layout
using the <tt>layout :default</tt> and create a file named default.html.erb.
Inside default.html.erb, call <% yield %> to render the view using this
Holds view helpers that should be named like weblogs_helper.rb. These are
generated for you automatically when using generators for controllers.
Helpers can be used to wrap functionality for your views into methods.
Configuration files for the Rails environment, the routing map, the database,
and other dependencies.
Contains the database schema in schema.rb. db/migrate contains all the
sequence of Migrations for your schema.
This directory is where your application documentation will be stored when
generated using <tt>rake doc:app</tt>
Application specific libraries. Basically, any kind of custom code that
doesn't belong under controllers, models, or helpers. This directory is in
the load path.
The directory available for the web server. Contains subdirectories for
images, stylesheets, and javascripts. Also contains the dispatchers and the
default HTML files. This should be set as the DOCUMENT_ROOT of your web
Helper scripts for automation and generation.
Unit and functional tests along with fixtures. When using the rails generate
command, template test files will be generated for you and placed in this
External libraries that the application depends on. Also includes the plugins
subdirectory. If the app has frozen rails, those gems also go here, under
vendor/rails/. This directory is in the load path.
# Add your own tasks in files placed in lib/tasks ending in .rake,
# for example lib/tasks/capistrano.rake, and they will automatically be available to Rake.
require File.expand_path('../config/application', __FILE__)
require 'rake'
class ApplicationController < ActionController::Base
layout 'application'
module ApplicationHelper
<!DOCTYPE html>
<%= stylesheet_link_tag :all %>
<%= javascript_include_tag :defaults %>
<%= csrf_meta_tag %>
<%= yield %>
Autotest.add_discovery { "rails" }
Autotest.add_discovery { "rspec2" }
# This file is used by Rack-based servers to start the application.
require ::File.expand_path('../config/environment', __FILE__)
run Diaspora::Application
require File.expand_path('../boot', __FILE__)
require 'rails/all'
# If you have a Gemfile, require the gems listed there, including any gems
# you've limited to :test, :development, or :production.
Bundler.require(:default, Rails.env) if defined?(Bundler)
module Diaspora
class Application < Rails::Application
# Settings in config/environments/* take precedence over those specified here.
# Application configuration should go into files in config/initializers
# -- all .rb files in that directory are automatically loaded.
# Add additional load paths for your own custom dirs
# config.load_paths += %W( #{config.root}/extras )
# Only load the plugins named here, in the order given (default is alphabetical).
# :all can be used as a placeholder for all plugins not explicitly named
# config.plugins = [ :exception_notification, :ssl_requirement, :all ]
# Activate observers that should always be running
# config.active_record.observers = :cacher, :garbage_collector, :forum_observer
# Set default to the specified zone and make Active Record auto-convert to this zone.
# Run "rake -D time" for a list of tasks for finding time zone names. Default is UTC.
# config.time_zone = 'Central Time (US & Canada)'
# The default locale is :en and all translations from config/locales/*.rb,yml are auto loaded.
# config.i18n.load_path += Dir[Rails.root.join('my', 'locales', '*.{rb,yml}').to_s]
# config.i18n.default_locale = :de
# Configure generators values. Many other options are available, be sure to check the documentation.
# config.generators do |g|
# g.orm :active_record
# g.template_engine :erb
# g.test_framework :test_unit, :fixture => true
# end
# Configure the default encoding used in templates for Ruby 1.9.
config.encoding = "utf-8"
# Configure sensitive parameters which will be filtered from the log file.
config.filter_parameters += [:password]
require 'rubygems'
# Set up gems listed in the Gemfile.
gemfile = File.expand_path('../../Gemfile', __FILE__)
require 'bundler'
rescue Bundler::GemNotFound => e
STDERR.puts e.message
STDERR.puts "Try running `bundle install`."
end if File.exist?(gemfile)
# SQLite version 3.x
# gem install sqlite3-ruby (not necessary on OS X Leopard)
adapter: sqlite3
database: db/development.sqlite3
pool: 5
timeout: 5000
# Warning: The database defined as "test" will be erased and
# re-generated from your development database when you run "rake".
# Do not set this db to the same as development or production.
adapter: sqlite3
database: db/test.sqlite3
pool: 5
timeout: 5000
adapter: sqlite3
database: db/production.sqlite3
pool: 5
timeout: 5000
# Load the rails application
require File.expand_path('../application', __FILE__)
# Initialize the rails application
Diaspora::Application.configure do
# Settings specified here will take precedence over those in config/environment.rb
# In the development environment your application's code is reloaded on
# every request. This slows down response time but is perfect for development
# since you don't have to restart the webserver when you make code changes.
config.cache_classes = false
# Log error messages when you accidentally call methods on nil.
config.whiny_nils = true
# Show full error reports and disable caching
config.consider_all_requests_local = true
config.action_view.debug_rjs = true
config.action_controller.perform_caching = false
# Don't care if the mailer can't send
config.action_mailer.raise_delivery_errors = false
Diaspora::Application.configure do
# Settings specified here will take precedence over those in config/environment.rb
# The production environment is meant for finished, "live" apps.
# Code is not reloaded between requests
config.cache_classes = true
# Full error reports are disabled and caching is turned on
config.consider_all_requests_local = false
config.action_controller.perform_caching = true
# Specifies the header that your server uses for sending files
config.action_dispatch.x_sendfile_header = "X-Sendfile"
# For nginx:
# config.action_dispatch.x_sendfile_header = 'X-Accel-Redirect'
# If you have no front-end server that supports something like X-Sendfile,
# just comment this out and Rails will serve the files
# See everything in the log (default is :info)
# config.log_level = :debug
# Use a different logger for distributed setups
# config.logger =
# Use a different cache store in production
# config.cache_store = :mem_cache_store
# Disable Rails's static asset server
# In production, Apache or nginx will already do this
config.serve_static_assets = false
# Enable serving of images, stylesheets, and javascripts from an asset server
# config.action_controller.asset_host = ""
# Disable delivery errors, bad email addresses will be ignored
# config.action_mailer.raise_delivery_errors = false
# Enable threaded mode
# config.threadsafe!
# Enable locale fallbacks for I18n (makes lookups for any locale fall back to
# the I18n.default_locale when a translation can not be found)
config.i18n.fallbacks = true
Diaspora::Application.configure do
# Settings specified here will take precedence over those in config/environment.rb
# The test environment is used exclusively to run your application's
# test suite. You never need to work with it otherwise. Remember that
# your test database is "scratch space" for the test suite and is wiped
# and recreated between test runs. Don't rely on the data there!
config.cache_classes = true
# Log error messages when you accidentally call methods on nil.
config.whiny_nils = true
# Show full error reports and disable caching
config.consider_all_requests_local = true
config.action_controller.perform_caching = false
# Raise exceptions instead of rendering exception templates
config.action_dispatch.show_exceptions = false
# Disable request forgery protection in test environment
config.action_controller.allow_forgery_protection = false
# Tell Action Mailer not to deliver emails to the real world.
# The :test delivery method accumulates sent emails in the
# ActionMailer::Base.deliveries array.
config.action_mailer.delivery_method = :test
# Use SQL instead of Active Record's schema dumper when creating the test database.
# This is necessary if your schema can't be completely dumped by the schema dumper,
# like if you have constraints or database-specific column types
# config.active_record.schema_format = :sql
# Be sure to restart your server when you modify this file.
# You can add backtrace silencers for libraries that you're using but don't wish to see in your backtraces.
# Rails.backtrace_cleaner.add_silencer { |line| line =~ /my_noisy_library/ }
# You can also remove all the silencers if you're trying to debug a problem that might stem from framework code.
# Rails.backtrace_cleaner.remove_silencers!
# Be sure to restart your server when you modify this file.
# Add new inflection rules using the following format
# (all these examples are active by default):
# ActiveSupport::Inflector.inflections do |inflect|
# inflect.plural /^(ox)$/i, '\1en'
# inflect.singular /^(ox)en/i, '\1'
# inflect.irregular 'person', 'people'
# inflect.uncountable %w( fish sheep )
# end
# Be sure to restart your server when you modify this file.
# Add new mime types for use in respond_to blocks:
# Mime::Type.register "text/richtext", :rtf
# Mime::Type.register_alias "text/html", :iphone
Diaspora::Application.configure do
config.generators do |g|
g.integration_tool :rspec
g.test_framework :rspec
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